10 Minute Apologetics

Is Truth What Works?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) The idea that truth is that which works is the philosophical position known as pragmatism. Briefly summarized, a pragmatist holds the view that “a statement is known to be true if it produces the right results”. This view is typically attributed to William James and his intellectual disciples. It is also often associated with those who pride themselves in the legitimacy of the scientific method. (I agree that the scientific method is legitimate). If the scientific method applied to some hypothesis produces the right … Read More »

Does Christianity Teach Fideism?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) Fideism within a religious context, is the position that argues that issues of faith and religion are not themselves based on reason. Indeed, on this position, religion is an issue of faith independent of reason. On fideism, one does not rationally argue for the truth of religion, rather, the person simply believes and that is it. Christians who understand religion in this fashion will often point to Hebrews 11:6 to support this claim: “And without faith it is impossible to please him, for whoever … Read More »

Is Intelligent Design Pseudo-Science?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) Well, who gets to define what “science” is? It is quite easy for someone who disagrees with another to claim their methodology is not the “true” methodology. In reality, when we do science, science itself involves the search for causes. Scientists search for the causes of some phenomena with the hopes that we get a better grasp on the natural world. When considering the cause of some natural phenomena you can really have only two options: Either the cause is intelligent or it is … Read More »

Aren’t Miracles Impossible?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) The assumption of the regularities of nature is a powerful one indeed. Surely, what we observe in nature must be that way, and it is irrational to believe that the laws of nature can act contrary to what we have continuously observed all throughout history…right?! This line of reasoning is sometimes coupled with the assumption of the immutability of the laws of nature. That is to say, that the laws of nature do not change, they cannot change. The nature of the laws of … Read More »

Does the Bible Really Condemn Homosexual Behavior?

By L. Alfred James In the book of Leviticus there are two verses that clearly condemn homosexual behavior: “Do not lie with a man as one lies with a woman; that is detestable.” (Leviticus 18:22) “If a man lies with a man as one lies with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable.” (Leviticus 20:13) It is hard to imagine Moses being any clearer on the subject. Nonetheless, there are some valid objections to simply taking these verses at face value. Isn’t This Just An Old Testament … Read More »

How to Be a Confident Apologist

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) Christian philosopher and apologist Greg Bahnsen once said, “the reason I am not afraid to take on any opponent, is not because I am so smart, but because I have read the back of the book.” Greg Bahnsen was a fearless Christian apologist and a brilliant philosophical mind. He was such a good debater that he developed the nickname: The man that atheists fear the most. Yet, for all his intelligence and debating skills, he consistently taught that as apologists we should trust in … Read More »

Why Do Christians Make Such A Big Deal About Sex?

By L. Alfred James “Sex is no big deal.” We hear it all the time. “So why do Christians make such a big deal out of it?” A good example of this kind of complaint comes from Sam Harris: You [Christians] believe that your religious concerns about sex, in all their tiresome immensity, have something to do with morality. And yet, your efforts to constrain the sexual behavior of consenting adults—and even to discourage your own sons and daughters from having premarital sex—are almost never geared toward the relief of … Read More »

Animals in Heaven?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) Unfortunately the Bible is silent on this topic and so anything I can provide will be by way of speculation. However, I think the speculation that will be expressed here can go a long way in answering the question. While the Bible does not explicitly touch on our question, the Bible does have much to say in regards to the nature of man. Biblically understood, man is composed of body and soul. There is a physical and immaterial aspect to man. At death, these … Read More »

Does the Bible Really Forbid Premarital Sex?

By L. Alfred James I’ve had several conversations with young Christians who tell me they are puzzled as to why churches preach that premarital sex is wrong. They tell me that they’ve read through large parts of the Bible looking for passages that clearly condemn it, and they did not find anything. “So,” they tell me, “since the Bible doesn’t forbid it, and I don’t see how it hurts anything, I’m moving in with my girlfriend.” In response, this week we are going to simply do some basic exegesis to … Read More »

How Can a Good God Send People to Hell?

By Elias Ayala (MDiv & M.A.T.) The logical answer to this question may not be emotionally satisfying, but then again, truth is not determined by emotion. So to be perfectly blunt: If the Christian God exists, and the Christian God is good, then it would seem to follow from this that it is a “good” thing to send guilty sinners to hell. Indeed, it is a good thing for true justice to be executed. In human terms, I think we can understand this when we reflect upon the court room … Read More »